Dr. Madiha Haque

PMS that time of the month

Menstruation is a crucial part of every woman’s life that brings with itself a phase of discomfort and mood swings. It is easy to label them as mood swings or a feeling irritable but in reality it involves our bodies’ chemical imbalances that need serious attention. Most of the times these changes are gradual and women try to compensate with more exertion, and other times they are so sudden that it’s easy to identify that something is majorly wrong. Whatever it may be, it needs attention and treatment so a woman doesn’t have to compromise her quality of life.

What is PMS?

Pre-Menstrual Syndrome (PMS) is a series of symptoms that occur consecutively every month just before menstrual cycle. The pattern is predictable, hence easily diagnosed. Characteristically the symptoms are diminished just when bleeding starts. If the feeling persists throughout the cycle, then problem is somewhere else. On average every 3 in 4 women experience this at least once in her lifetime, with its peak in late 20s and early 30s and it tends to get worse with increasing age.

Symptoms

In order to figure out if what is happening to a woman just before menstruation is really a disease to be treated, one has to know what supposedly the symptoms are:

Emotional:

  • Exaggerated Mood swings
  • Irritability and depression
  • Difficulty to focus
  • Depression

Physical:

  • Fatigue
  • Bloating
  • Change in eating and sleeping patterns
  • Headaches and backaches
  • Tender breasts